സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷ; ഇന്ത്യയിലെ സാമുദായിക വോട്ടർമാരുടെ പിതാവ് എന്നറിയപ്പെടുന്നതാര് ?
ഇന്ത്യന് ബ്യൂറോക്രസിയുടെ ഏറ്റവും ഉയര്ന്ന പദവികളിലേക്കുള്ള പരീക്ഷയായ സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷയ്ക്കായി ഏഷ്യാനെറ്റ് ഓണ്ലൈനും അമൃത ഐഎഎസ് അക്കാദമിയും ചേര്ന്നൊരുക്കുന്ന ചോദ്യമാതൃകയുടെ നാലാം ഭാഗം.
Comptroller and Auditor General of India is the apex authority responsible for external and internal audits of the expenses of the National and state governments.
Article 148-151 of the Constitution of India describe the functions and powers of CAG’s office.
CAG’s functions include
• Auditing the accounts related to all expenditure drawn from the Consolidated Fund of India, consolidated fund of every state and UTs having a Legislative Assembly.
• Audit of all expenditure from the Contingency Fund of India and the Public Account of India as well as states.
• Auditing the receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and each states.
• All bodies and authorities substantially financed from the Central or state revenues; PSUs and all transactions of the Central and state governments related to debt, sinking funds, deposits, advances, suspense accounts and remittance business.
• Auditing the accounts of any other authority when requested by the President or Governor.
• Finally, CAG submits three audit reports to the President/ governor: Audit Report on Appropriation Accounts.
• Audit Report on Finance Accounts.
• Audit Report on Public Undertakings.
President and governor lay these reports before both the Houses of Parliament and to the state assembly respectively. CAG also act as guide, friend and philosopher to public accounts committee to scrutinize these reports.
Under Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament may by law create or abolish the legislative council in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority.
As per article 171 of the Indian Constitution, the total number of members in the legislative council of a state shall not exceed one third of the total number of the members in the legislative Assembly of that
state and the total number of members in the legislative council of a state shall in no case be less than 40. Election to legislative councils:
• 1/3rd of members are elected by members of the Assembly.
• 1/3rd by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and other local authorities in the state.
• 1/12th by an electorate consisting of teachers.
• 1/12th by registered graduates.
• The remaining members are nominated by the Governor from among those who have distinguished themselves in literature, science, art, the cooperative movement, and social service. Being permanent house like Rajya Sabha, one third of members retire every two years.
Under article 32 of Indian Constitution, Writs are written orders issued by the Supreme Court of India to provide constitutional remedies to protect the fundamental rights of citizens from a violation.
Recently, World bank’s STARS project has been launched in partnership with India government. It is a project to improve the quality and governance of school education in six Indian states - Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Rajasthan. Over 250 million students and 10 million teachers will benefit from the scheme.
Project Saksham, a new indirect tax network of the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), has been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA). IT systems will be integrated with the Goods & Services Tax Network (GSTN) for processing of registration, payment and returns data sent by GSTN systems to CBEC, as well as act as a front-end for other modules like Audit, Appeal, and Investigation. It will be tax payer friendly, promoting ease of doing business and digital India Initiative.
Rotation of earth causes Coriolis force. Variation in air pressure affects planetary winds
Density of water varies with salinity of ocean which influence ocean currents movement
Revolution of earth has no effect on ocean currents.
Important passes of the Himalayas are Zoji La on the Great Himalayas, Banihal on the Pir Panjal, Photu La on the Zaskar and Khardung La on the Ladakh range.
Second Round Conference happened in 1931, Quit India Movement in 1942 and Mutiny in Royal Indian Navy took place in 1946.
Minto was known for the act of 1909 which introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of ‘separate electorate’. Under this, the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Therefore, he is often known as father of communal electorate.
The inscriptions are thought to have been mostly written from right to left, but
sometimes follow boustrophedonic style. A written pictographic language also existed as is evidenced by the Indus scripts written on clay/ satellite
seals. We see rectangular, round Harappan seals in Bahrain, cylinder seal in Mesopotamia, which is further evidence of intercultural contact. Iron was not known during Harappan period. Recent studies suggest that the Harappan script consists of about 400 signs and that it was written from right to left. However, the script has not been deciphered as yet. We do not know the language they spoke, though scholars believe that they spoke “Brahui”, a dialect used by Baluchi people in Pakistan today. However further research alone can unveil the mystery and enable us to know more about the Harappan script.
Chaitya is place where monks worshipped Buddha. While Vihara were resting place for travelling monks.
The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) and the Goa University (GU) have successfully synthesized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) using psychrotolerant Antarctic bacteria through a nontoxic, low-cost, and eco-friendly way. Nanoparticles (NPs) have wide variety of potential applications in the fields of biomedical, optical and electronics research.
A municipal bond is a kind of debt instrument where investors offer loans to local governments. They are issued by civic bodies for specific projects and usually have 10-year tenure.
National Disaster Response Fund is defined in Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) as a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief
and rehabilitation due to any disaster situation or disaster.
NDRF is in the “Public Accounts” of Government of India under “Reserve Funds not bearing interest”. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation under Ministry of Agriculture(MoA) monitors relief activities for calamities associated with drought, hailstorms,pest attacks and cold wave /frost while rest of the natural calamities are monitoredby Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
Operated by Ministry of agriculture. Common eleven-digit Toll Free number 1800-180-1551 has been allotted for Kisan Call Centre.
International labour organisation releases global wage report. It is one of the oldest international organization established in 1919 with Geneva as headquarters.
Operation trident was a key offensive during the 1971 India-Pakistan War, when the Indian Navy inflicted heavy damage on Pakistani vessels in Karachi harbour. Operation meghdoot was launched on 13 April. 1984, this military operation resulted in Indian troops gaining control of the entire Siachen Glacier. Operation vijay was launched during Kargil war 1999 where Indian army successfully countered infiltration of Pakistani troops toward Indian side of the Line of Control (LoC) under Operation Badr, attempting to cut off Indian Troops in Siachen.