സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷ: സിമ്മർമാൻ പ്ലാന് എന്തുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ടിരിക്കുന്നു ?
ഇന്ത്യന് ബ്യൂറോക്രസിയുടെ ഏറ്റവും ഉയര്ന്ന പദവികളിലേക്കുള്ള പരീക്ഷയായ സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷയ്ക്കായി ഏഷ്യാനെറ്റ് ഓണ്ലൈനും അമൃത ഐഎഎസ് അക്കാദമിയും ചേര്ന്നൊരുക്കുന്ന ചോദ്യമാതൃകയുടെ മുപ്പത്തിയൊമ്പതാം ഭാഗം.
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
The body administers elections to the LokSabha, RajyaSabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country (Article 324).
It is not concerned with the elections to panchayats and municipalities in the states. For this, the Constitution of India provides for a separate State Election Commission.
The Election Commission shall consist of the chief election commissioner and such number of other election commissioners, if any, as the President may from time-to-time fix.
Presently, it consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
The President appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners.
The Union executive consists of the President, the Vice-President, Attorney General, and the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President.
Attorney General is appointed by the President and is the Supreme law officer of the country. He is a part of the Union executive.
Ganges River Dolphin is a sub-species of river dolphins, found in the Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers. These species are practically blind and rely on bio-sonar waves to move around. There are almost 2500 river dolphins in Ganga and their population is diminishing.
River dolphins have been classified as ―endangered by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) in 1966.
The Ganges River dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind and therefore rely on bio-sonar waves to move around.
Gangetic Dolphins have been recognized as the National aquatic animal of India.
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as SasanGir, is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near TalalaGir in Gujarat, India.
It is the only area in Asia where Asiatic lions occur and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia because of its biodiversity.
Wholesale Price Index, or WPI, measures the changes in the prices of goods sold and traded in bulk by wholesale businesses to other businesses.
WPI is unlike the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which tracks the prices of goods and services purchased by consumers. It is used to track the supply and demand dynamics in industry, manufacturing and construction.
It is released by the Economic Advisor in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. An upward surge in the WPI print indicates inflationary pressure in the economy and vice versa.
While WPI keeps track of the wholesale price of goods, the CPI measures the average price that households pay for a basket of different goods and services.
Even as the WPI is used as a key measure of inflation in some economies, the RBI no longer uses it for policy purposes, including setting repo rates.
The central bank currently uses CPI or retail inflation as a key measure of inflation to set the monetary and credit policy.
Primary articles are a major component of WPI, further subdivided into Food Articles and Non-Food Articles.
Food Articles include items such as Cereals, Paddy, Wheat, Pulses, Vegetables, Fruits, Milk, Eggs, Meat & Fish, etc. Non-Food Articles include Oil Seeds, Minerals and Crude Petroleum.
The next major basket in WPI is Fuel & Power, which tracks price movements in Petrol, Diesel and LPG.
The biggest basket is Manufactured Goods. It spans across a variety of manufactured products such as Textiles, Apparels, Paper, Chemicals, Plastic, Cement, Metals, and more.
Manufactured Goods basket also includes manufactured food products such as Sugar, Tobacco Products, Vegetable and Animal Oils, and Fats. Thus, Manufactured Goods, Foods, Fuel & Power are major components of this index.
During inflation creditors lose, because they receive in effect less in goods and services than if they had received the repayments during a period of low prices.
Debtors, on other hand, as a group gain during inflation, since they repay their debts in a currency that has lost its value (i.e., the same currency unit will now buy fewer goods and services).
Traders, speculators, businesspeople, and black-marketers gain because they make more profits from the persistent rise in prices.
Bondholders lose as they get a fixed interest the real value of which has already fallen.
The investors in equity shares gain as they get dividends at higher rates because of larger corporate profits and as they find the value of their shareholdings appreciated.
The Internet consists of three layers. The first layer is public, consisting of sites that one uses frequently such as Facebook, Twitter, Amazon, and LinkedIn. This layer makes up only 4% of the entire internet.
The second layer, the deep web, is a network where data is stored in inaccessible databases (i.e., cannot be accessed through traditional search engines like Google). It is used to provide access to a specific group of people.
The data is generally sensitive and private (government private data, bank data, cloud data etc), so kept out of reach. The third layer is the darknet which is also known as a part of the Deep Web.
It is a network built over the internet which is encrypted. It is basically a layer of the Internet accessible only by using special software like Tor (The Onion Router), or I2P, which stands for Invisible Internet Project.
Anything present on the dark web will not be pulled up in internet searches, thereby offering a high degree of anonymity.
The "Berlin committee for Indian independence" was established in 1915 by Virendranath Chattopadhyay, including Bhupendranath Dutt & Lala Hardayal under "Zimmerman plan" with the full backing of the German foreign office.
She was an Irish lady, born Margaret Noble. She began her career as a teacher and was also a prolific writer of sorts too.
She was inspired by Swami Vivekananda after meeting him. She came to India on his request and became his disciple. He gave her the name Nivedita.
She inspired Abanindranath Tagore, Vice Principal of the Calcutta Art School, to focus on the renaissance of Indian Arts.
She was called 'Lokamata' by Abanindranath Tagore. When Bengal erupted against Curzon's partition in 1905, She supported the movement financially.