സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷ: 'കീലിംഗ് കർവ്' എന്ത് സംഭവവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെടുന്നതാണ് ?
ഇന്ത്യന് ബ്യൂറോക്രസിയുടെ ഏറ്റവും ഉയര്ന്ന പദവികളിലേക്കുള്ള പരീക്ഷയായ സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷയ്ക്കായി ഏഷ്യാനെറ്റ് ഓണ്ലൈനും അമൃത ഐഎഎസ് അക്കാദമിയും ചേര്ന്നൊരുക്കുന്ന ചോദ്യമാതൃകയുടെ മുപ്പത്തിയാറാം ഭാഗം.
The MPLAD scheme was formulated in 1993 to enable MPs to recommend development works in their constituencies with an emphasis on creation of durable assets based on local needs such as education, health, drinking water etc.
Initially, the Scheme was under the control of the Ministry of Rural Development and Planning. In October, 1994, the scheme was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation.
Under this scheme,every MP is entitled to spend Rs 5 crore annually of which a specified portion should be spent on projects benefitting SC/ST population.
However recently,the Government of India in the event of struggle against Covid-19 has suspended MPLADS funds for two years (2020 and 2021) and directed these funds to be transferred to the Consolidated Fund of India.
49-year-old, Naftali Bennett has become new Prime Minister of Israel.
He is a religious-nationalist and a multi-millionaire former tech entrepreneur who has also served as defence minister.
With this win, he has ended 12 unbroken years of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the helm.
G7 countries met at Carbis Bay located in Cornwall, United Kingdom on 11-13 June 2021.
The major topics in the agenda included COVID-19, climate change, and trade among others.
Carbis Bay Health declaration is signed during this event, and it aimed at preventing future pandemics.
The major provisions of RPA 1950 are
Lays down procedures for delimitation of constituencies.
Provides for the allocation of seats in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies and Legislative Councils of States.
Lays procedure for the preparation of electoral rolls and the manner of filling seats.
Lays down the qualification of voters.
The key provisions of RPA 1951 are;
It regulates the actual conduct of elections and by-elections.
It provides administrative machinery for conducting elections.
It deals with the registration of political parties.
It specifies the qualifications and disqualifications for membership of the Houses.
It provides provisions to curb corrupt practices and other offences.
It lays down the procedure for settling doubts and disputes arising out of elections.
Free trade area- Tariff abolition on most goods
Customs union – Complete abolition of barriers along with a common tariff rate on rest of the nations
Common market – Customs union+ Free movement of labour and capital
Economic union – Common market+ common economic policies
CPI is released monthly by NSO. Unlike WPI it covers service sector too.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure that examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food, and medical care.
The RBI is mandated to keep the CPI target as of 4±2%.
The Union government on July 28, 2020, launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram, to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.
The Green-Ag Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility, while the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) is the national executing agency.
Other key players involved in its implementation are Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
The project seeks to integrate biodiversity, climate change and sustainable land management objectives and practices into Indian agriculture.
Other states are
o Madhya Pradesh: Chambal Landscape
o Odisha: Similipal Landscape
o Rajasthan: Desert National Park Landscape
o Uttarakhand: Corbett-Rajaji Landscape
The Keeling Curve is a graph of the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere.
It is based on continuous measurements taken at the Mauna Loa Observatory on the island of Hawaii from 1958 to the present day.
The curve is named for the scientist Charles David Keeling, who started the monitoring program and supervised it until his death in 2005.
Keeling's measurements showed the first significant evidence of rapidly increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere.
The ‘SolarWinds hack’, a cyberattack recently discovered in the US, has emerged as one of the biggest ever targeted against the US government, its agencies and several other private companies.
Two Indian Home Rule Leagues were organised on the lines of the Irish Home Rule Leagues and they represented the emergence of a new trend of aggressive politics.
Annie Besant and B G Tilak were the pioneers of this new trend. They set up their separate leagues to avoid any friction.
Tilak’s League, Tilak set up his Home Rule League in April 1916 and it was restricted to Maharashtra (excluding Bombay city), Karnataka, Central Provinces and Berar.
Annie Besant set up her league in September 1916 in Madras and covered the rest of India (including Bombay city).
In November 1927, the British government appointed the Simon Commission to report on India's constitutional progress for introducing constitutional reforms, as promised.
The Commission was strongly opposed by many Indians. It was opposed by Nehru, Gandhi, Jinnah, the Muslim League and Indian National Congress because it contained seven members of the British Parliament but no Indians.
The call for a boycott of the Commission was endorsed by the Liberal Federation led by Tej Bahadur Sapru.
Indians saw it as a violation to their right of self-determination and insult to their self-respect.
However, it was supported by B R Ambedkar, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, some members of the Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha.
Bahishkrita Hitakarani Sabha lead by Dr B R Ambedkar submitted a memorandum to the Simon Commission demanding joint electorates with reservation of seats for Depressed Classes.
India's irrigation is mostly groundwater well based.
At 39 million hectares (67% of its total irrigation), India has the world's largest groundwater well-equipped irrigation system (China with 19 mha is second).
As per the National Compilation of Groundwater Resource of India, 2017 17% of India’s districts are classified as overexploited.
Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) constituted under Section 3(3) of ‘The Environment (Protection) Act, (1986)’ regulates extraction of ground water through guidelines which are updated regularly.