സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷ: എന്താണ് 'പൂനം അവലോകൻ' ?
ഇന്ത്യന് ബ്യൂറോക്രസിയുടെ ഏറ്റവും ഉയര്ന്ന പദവികളിലേക്കുള്ള പരീക്ഷയായ സിവില് സര്വ്വീസ് പരീക്ഷയ്ക്കായി ഏഷ്യാനെറ്റ് ഓണ്ലൈനും അമൃത ഐഎഎസ് അക്കാദമിയും ചേര്ന്നൊരുക്കുന്ന ചോദ്യമാതൃകയുടെ അറുപത്തിയൊന്നാം ഭാഗം.
Chief Election Commissioner can be reappointed to the same office if age permits, i.e., less than 65 years of age.
As per Article 148 of the Indian, Constitution CAG can’t be reappointed to the same office or any other further employment under Central or State Governments.
Under RTI Act, 2005 The Chief Information Commissioner shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office and shall not be eligible for reappointment.
As per CVC Act, 2003The Central Vigilance Commissioner shall hold office for a term of four years from the date on which he enters upon his office or till he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. The Central Vigilance Commissioner, on ceasing to hold the office, shall be ineligible for reappointment.
The Table, with respect to the rank and precedence of the persons named therein, is the following:
o Prime Minister
o Governors of States within their respective States
o Former Presidents
o Deputy Prime Minister
o Chief Justice of India
EPI is a biennial index prepared by Yale University and Columbia University in collaboration with the World Economic Forum. It is a biennial index.Hence thestatement 1 is correct.
The index ranks 180 countries on 32 performance indicators across 11 categories covering environmental health and ecosystem vitality.
The index is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state’s policies. Hence the statement 3 is correct.
This index was developed from the Pilot Environmental Performance Index, first published in 2002, and designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.
It offers a scorecard that highlights leaders and laggards in environmental performance and provides practical guidance for countries that aspire to move toward a sustainable future.
India scored 27.6 out of 100 in the 2020 EPI index and its performance was worse than all South Asian countries, except Afghanistan. Hence the statement 2 is not correct.
India scored below the regional (South-Asia) average score on all five key parameters on environmental health, including air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals, and waste management.
These findings resonated with the concerns raised by the State of India’s Environment 2020 in Figures, published by the Centre for Science and Environment.
It has also scored below the regional average on parameters related to biodiversity and ecosystem services too.
India was in the second position after Pakistan on ‘climate change’ among the South-Asia countries.
The regular Lion Census is conducted once every five years. The last Census was conducted in 2015. The Lion Census usually runs for more than two days, including a preliminary census and a final census.
Poonam Avlokan (developed in 2014) is a monthly in-house exercise carried out every full moon. However, the Poonam Avlokan is carried out for 24 hours assessing the number of lions and their locations in their respective jurisdictions. Hence the statements 1 and 3are correct.
The Forest Department invites NGOs, experts, and wildlife enthusiasts to join the Census for transparency and augmenting manpower, whereas the Poonam Avlokan exercise is conducted only by forest staff. Hence the statement 2 is not correct.
Thus, the Lion Census experiences larger participation of the people compared to the Poonam Avalokan exercise.
Statement 1 is correct. The WTO was founded in 1995 as the successor organization to the General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT). The objective of the WTO is to establish a rule-based trade regime to ensure optimum utilization of world resources.
Statement 2 is not correct. The WTO agreements cover trade in goods as well as services to facilitate international trade (bilateral and multilateral) through removal of tariff as well as non-tariff barriers and providing greater market access to all member countries.
Industrial Policy Resolution 1956 classified industries into three categories.
o The first category comprised industries which would be exclusively owned by the state.
o The second category consisted of industries in which the private sector could supplement the efforts of the state sector, with the state taking the sole responsibility for starting new units.
o The third category consisted of the remaining industries which were to be in the private sector. Although there was a category of industries left to the private sector, the sector was kept under state control through a system of licenses.
Statement 1 is correct: To get a closer view of the Moon's the South Pole and evaluate the concentration of water as well as other potential resources on its surface. The space agency is undertaking the mission to understand if it is possible for human life to sustain there, by using locally available resources.
Statement 2 is correct: The VIPER mobile robot is the first resource mapping mission on any extraterrestrial body.
These are warm and dry winds blowing on the eastern slopes (leeward side) of the Rocky Mountain.
The temperature in Chinook is so warm that it can remove the underlying snow cover/ice and sometimes these winds are very dry in spite of their below freezing temperatures.
The MacDonnell Commission was the famine commission appointed by Lord Curzon, after a long period of 20 years, when Lord Lytton had tried to formulate the general principles of dealing with such famines.
During the period of Lord Lytton, a Strachey Commission of 1880 was created to develop a general strategy and principles to deal with the famines.
The MacDonnell Commission also stressed the better transport facility, opening of agricultural banks, etc. But this was not an adequate and timely measure. The Punjab Land Alienation Act made him unpopular in North India.
Under Shivaji these offices were neither hereditary nor permanent - they held office during the king's pleasure and they were frequently transferred.
They were directly paid by the exchequer and no jagir was granted to any civil or military officer.
The Ashta Pradhan of Shivaji consisted of the following 8 officials:
o Peshwa, who looked after general administration and finances.
o Sari-i-Naubat or Senapati, commander-in-chief
o Majumdar, who was an accountant. Hence statement 2 is correct.
o Waqia Navis, who was responsible for intelligence, posts, and household affairs.
o Surunavis or chitnis, who helped in correspondence.
o Dabir, who was master of ceremonies.
o Nyayadhish, was in charge of justice.
o Panditrao, was in charge of charitable grants.